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Landscape and biodiversity

The landscape we see in Collserola today is the result of gradual changes to its original make up, which was formed entirely by environmental conditions, though it has been intensively transformed over the centuries. The Serra has been used for agriculture, with the construction of terraces and the planting of vines, and for forestry, with management of the woods. Today, agriculture has almost completely disappeared from the area, and forestry management activities have also greatly decreased.

 

The great natural space formed by the Serra de Collserola has been decisive in shaping the metropolitan landscape for three important reasons:

 

- its size, as Collserola represents more than half the open space (agricultural land and forest) in the metropolitan area.

 

- its central situation, surrounded by townships, cities and communication networks.

 

- the high degree of “naturalness” that it conserves, despite the pressure brought to bear by the great city.

 

Collserola plays an important role as regards not only the ecology, but also the landscape, as its relief turns the Serra into a superb viewpoint over the surrounding cities and towns and makes nature a presence in the urban scenery.

Consorci del Parc Natural de la Serra de Collserola
Ctra. de l'Església, 92. 08017 Barcelona. T: 932 803 552

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